Tropical Storm Nicholas Forms and Could Bring Heavy Rain to Texas
Tropical Storm Nicolas, which formed in the Gulf of Mexico on Sunday and could bring heavy rain to coastal Texas and Louisiana, became the 14th named storm of the 2021 Atlantic hurricane season, National Hurricane Center said.
The center said a Tropical Storm Warning is in effect for the Texas coast from the mouth of the Rio Grande to Port Aransas, Texas. Mexico also issued a tropical storm warning from Barra el Mezquital north to the US-Mexico border.
The Hurricane Center said Nichols could produce rain totals of five to 10 inches, with varying amounts of up to 15 inches over coastal Texas southwest Louisiana beginning Sunday through the middle of the week.
The center said tropical storm status is expected along the northeast coast of Mexico and the coast of south Texas starting Monday. life threatening storm surge Along the Texas coast from the mouth of the Rio Grande to the High Island. There may be a sudden flood, Hurricane Center said.
It has been a few months for meteorologists as the arrival of the extreme hurricane season – from August to November – caused a race of named storms that formed in quick succession, causing stormy weather, flooding and parts of the United States. brought in destructive winds. Caribbean.
Just hours after Tropical Storm Mindy formed in the Gulf of Mexico, it hit the Florida Panhandle on September 8. Hurricane Larry, which formed on September 1, strengthened into a Category 3 hurricane two days later and then weakened. It struck Canada as a Category 1 hurricane and caused widespread power outages in Newfoundland.
Ida battered Louisiana as a Category 4 hurricane on August 29, before its remnants brought deadly flooding to the New York area. Two other tropical storms, Julian and Kate, both dissipated at the same time within a day.
Shortly before that, in mid-August, Tropical Storm Fred made landfall in the Florida Panhandle and Hurricane Grace affected Haiti and Mexico. Tropical Storm Henry roared out of power and brought record rainfall to the northeastern United States on August 22.
The links between hurricanes and climate change are becoming more apparent. A warmer planet can expect to see stronger storms over time and a higher incidence of the most powerful storms. But the overall number of storms may be small, as factors such as strong wind gusts can prevent weaker storms from forming.
Hurricanes are also getting wetter because of more water vapor in the warmer atmosphere; Scientists have suggested that storms such as Hurricane Harvey in 2017 produced far more rain without human impacts on the climate. In addition, rising sea levels are contributing to higher storm surge – the most destructive element of tropical cyclones.
A major UN climate report released in August warned that nations had delayed curbing their fossil-fuel emissions for so long that they could not stop global warming from accelerating over the next 30 years, This can lead to more severe persistent life-threatening heat waves. The drought report noted that tropical cyclones have become more intense over the past 40 years, a change that cannot be explained by natural variability alone.
Anna became the first named storm of the season on May 23, making it the seventh consecutive year that a named storm developed in the Atlantic Ocean prior to the official start of the season on June 1.
In May, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration scientists forecast that this year there will be 13 to 20 named storms, of which six to 10 will be hurricanes, and three to five major hurricanes of Category 3 or greater in the Atlantic. In early August, in a midseason update to the forecast, he continued to warn that this year’s hurricane season will be above average, suggesting a busy end to the season.
NOAA’s Matthew Rosenkrans said an updated forecast suggested there would be 15 to 21 named storms by the end of the season on November 30, including seven to 10 hurricanes. Nicholas is the 14th named storm of 2021.
Last year, there were 30 named storms, including six major hurricanes, forcing meteorologists to end the alphabet for the second time and use Greek letters.
It was the heaviest hurricane on record, surpassing 28 since 2005, and contained the second-highest number of hurricanes on record.
Christopher Mele contributed reporting.
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