South Dakota Rankings & Facts
What is now South Dakota was one of the northern plains of France, claimed by France and sold to the United States in the 1803 Louisiana Purchase.
The 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie granted Lakota lands in the Black Hills and South Dakota, Wyoming and Montana. Nine years later the US annexed the land, forcing Native Americans to resettle on smaller and wider reservations.
North and South Dakota were incorporated as the 39th and 40th states in 1889. dispute over which state first signed in unionPresident Benjamin Harrison did not enter the order.
Gutzon Borglum begins sculpture Mount Rushmore National Monument in 1927. He planned to carve George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt from head to waist, but died in 1941 before completion. With his death and the imminent American involvement in World War II, the monument was declared complete.
In 1980 – more than a century after the US broke the Treaty of Fort Laramie and seized Sioux lands – the Supreme Court ruled that the government had illegally taken the land and awarded $120.5 million to the Lakota Sioux , who refused to accept the payment and instead demanded the field be returned.
Today, Agriculture generates 20 percent About the economic activity of the state. Other main industries include bioscience, business and professional services, outdoor recreation, and oil and gas production. South Dakota also has a growing tourism industry, with Mount Rushmore and Badlands National Park among visitor favorites.
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