New Mexico Rankings & Facts
New Mexico is officially nicknamed The Land of Enchantment for its natural beauty, rich multicultural history, and various art forms.
Before the arrival of Europeans in New Mexico, the state was sparsely populated by Native Americans. In 1598, Juan de Onet led a Spanish mission to colonize the kingdom. Over the following two centuries, the Pueblo people revolted but Spanish settlers re-colonised the land, and in 1789 a peace treaty was established, leading to a 35-year peace between the Native Americans and the colonists.
In the spring of 1821, Mexico won independence from Spain and established the Mexican Empire and the Federal Republic of Mexico. The United States invaded New Mexico in 1846. The independence of the empire lasted until 1848, when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican–American War. New Mexico achieved statehood on January 6, 1912 as the 47th state.
The federal government is the state’s largest employer. more than a third Land conservation in New Mexico is administered by the federal government, employing people in agencies such as the National Park Service to protect national parks and historic sites. The US government also maintains military and research institutions in the state. Three Air Force bases, the White Sands Missile Range, and federal research facilities at Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories are located in New Mexico.
The state’s economic pillars are its natural resources, tourism, retail trade, and federal government spending. Most of the state’s income comes from oil and gas. New Mexico has more than 25,000 oil wells in the Permian Basin, including two of the country’s 100 largest oil fields.
With many breathtaking national parks, forests, and historic sites commemorating Native American and Hispanic cultures, New Mexico attracts more than 30 million tourists each year.
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