Cyber Security 2021: How Cyber ​​Security Works: Definition, Types, Importance, and Benefits of Cyber Security: Types of Cyber ​​Crime or Attack

Cyber Security
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Cyber Security 2021

How Cyber ​​Security Works: Definition, Types, Importance, and Benefits of Cyber Security: Types of Cyber ​​Crime or Attack

Cyber security is the practice of protecting computers and servers, electronic systems, mobile devices, and data from malicious attacks. Cyber security has become more important than ever as cyber attacks are evolving at a rapid pace.

Cyber Security

Cyber Security

What is Cyber ​​Security

Cyber ​​Security is a type of security that is for systems connected to the Internet. Through this, the data of hardware and software is made more secure so that the data is not stolen in any way and all documents and files are safe.

Cyber ​​Security is made up of two words Cyber ​​+ Security, meaning whatever is related to Internet, information, technology, computer, network, application or data, we call it Cyber.

Whereas security is related to security which includes system security, network security, application and information security.

How Cyber ​​Security Works

Under Cyber ​​Security, there is a large team of Ethical Hackers who protect your data from theft, data deletion or damage to any of your devices. Those working in Cyber ​​Security prevent bad people from doing wrong things.

Under this, your network, computer system, any program and your data are kept safe.

Why is Cyber ​​Security Important?

1. Cyber ​​security is necessary to protect our personal data such as images, PDFs, text documents or any other type of data that resides in our computer.

2. Cyber ​​Security is very important to keep any of our data in which only our copyright is safe. For example, if you have a company, only you have copyright on its data, then it is necessary for no one to steal it or no other person can use it.

3. Cyber ​​Security is also very important to provide security to our Banking and Financial data because if our banking data is not secure then any hacker can withdraw money from our bank account.

And nowadays Internet Banking has become an essential part of life, that is why it is important to keep banking and financial data safe.

4. Cyber ​​security is also very important for national security. National Security means that nowadays there are cyber attacks in the defense system of our country too.

5. There is also some such data or information which is very necessary and sensitive, as nowadays most of the work in government offices is also done through internet.

If the data of a government office gets leaked, then it can cause a lot of damage. Therefore, cyber security is also very important to keep this type of data safe.

Types of Cyber ​​Crime or Attack?

1. Hacking: In this type of cyber crime, hackers enter the restricted area and access the personal data and sensitive information of another person without the permission of that person, the restricted area is someone’s personal computer, mobile or any online bank account. could.

2. Cyber ​​Theft: In this type of cyber crime, the hacker violates any copyright law, it is a part of cyber crime which means theft done through computer or internet. This includes identity theft, password theft, information theft, internet time theft, etc.

3. Cyber ​​Stalking: This Cyber ​​Crime is more visible in social media sites. In this, stalkers harass and harass a person by repeatedly sending dirty messages or emails.

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In this, stalkers often make victims of small children and such people who do not have much knowledge of the internet. After this, stalkers start blackmailing that person, due to which the life of the person becomes very painful.

4. Identity Theft: This type of cyber crime is seen a lot these days. In this, hackers target those people who use online cash transactions and banking services like Google Pay, Phonepe, Paytm.

Hackers take out all the money of a person by getting personal data like account number, debit card details, internet banking details etc.

5. Malicious Software: Many such dangerous softwares are created by hackers, so they can not only steal the data of any computer or mobile connected to the internet, but can also delete it, as well as with the help of these software, the hacker can save your entire life. Can crash the system.

These softwares are of many types such as Malware, Spyware, Virus, Ransomware and Worms. Hackers send this type of software mostly through a link, pop-up message or email to another computer and ask them to touch the link in tempting ways.

If that person touches on the link, then the complete control of the computer goes into the hands of the hacker.

6. Phishing: In this type of Cyber ​​Threat, the hacker sends a message or email to a person in the form of a trusted institution or bank, which looks absolutely valid on seeing. The purpose of the hacker behind this is to cause financial harm to that person by taking sensitive information like bank account number, debit card, Aadhar card etc.

7. Child Pornography and Abuse: In this type of cyber crime, hackers mostly use Chat Rooms and talk with courtesy by hiding their identity.

Young children or minors do not have much information and gradually hackers obstruct children for child pornography. Apart from this, children are not able to tell anything to their parents due to fear.

8. Man in the Middle (MITM) Attack: In this type of cyber crime, the attacker who is a hacker keeps on spying on the communication of two people and after some time becomes one of those two people and is necessary from the front. Information, and sensitive data like bank, debit, credit card details etc. Due to this the person in front does not even know and the hacker gets all the information.

9. Denial of Services (DoS): The main purpose of DoS Attack is to reduce the traffic of a network or website. In this attack, hackers weaken the network system by suddenly bringing a lot of traffic to a network or website.

Along with this there are many services like Email, Yahoo, Hotmail etc. When suddenly there will be a lot of traffic in these, then if any user goes to log in, then the user will not be able to use that service.

10. Spoofing: In this type of cyber attack, the hacker can attack the system of a big server or big company by using the identity of another person. By taking the help of this attack, a hacker can ruin someone’s life.

11. Salami Slicing Attack: “Salami Slicing Attack” is also called “Salami Fraud”. In such cyber crime, cyber criminals carry out a big attack by doing many small attacks. The attackers deduct very small amounts of money using customer information such as bank/debit card details.

Due to the small amount of money being deducted, customers remain unaware of slicing and do not even complain about it, due to which the hacker is not detected. It is simply a strategy to profit from small increments from time to time.

Apart from these, there are many other cyber attacks, with the passage of time, new types of them are also being discovered.

Types of Cyber Security:

In Cyber Security, different security is provided to the user in different layers of the network. All the crimes mentioned above are done online and the 6 best cyber security to prevent them are as follows-

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1. Network & Gateway Security – This can be called the first layer of the network. You must have heard the name of Firewall in Computer. This is a wall for a network that allows only secure things to enter and keeps unsafe threads out.

2. Data Loss Prevention (DLP) – In this process, all the data of the user is fully encoded in which SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is used. Under this protection, the information or data is encrypted to keep it away from Unaotherized Access.

3. Application Security – Through this, the applications being used in the network go through a security process. So that the shortcomings of that application can be removed. Also, if that application is insecure then it is taken out of the network.

4. Email Security – If you use Gmail, then you must have noticed that some emails go into the Spam folder. This happens because Spam Filters are installed in the network for Email Security. So that harmful emails can be kept away from the reach of the user because most of the crime is done through Email Phishing.

5. Antivirus Security – Everyone keeps Antivirus installed in their computer. It protects our computer from different types of Viruses. After all, all our sensitive information and private files are stored in the computer itself, so it is very important to keep it safe.

6. Network Access Control – By this, the work of keeping unauthorized users and devices out of the network is done. NAC protects the functionality of the network, ensuring that only authorized users and devices have access to it. Network operators decide which devices or applications comply with endpoint security requirements and whether or not they will be allowed network access.

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Advantages of Cyber Security:

  • With the help of this, we can stay safe from Unauthorized Access, so that there will be no risk of any kind of data loss.
  • With the help of Cyber Security, we can keep our network secure, so that we can use the Internet with confidence.
  • A security cover is provided to your personal and sensitive data so that hackers cannot exploit you financially or mentally.
  • Information security is improved and business management also increases.
    Nowadays online cash transaction is very much in vogue, so you can do secure transactions with cyber security.

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FAQ About Cyber Security

What is mean of cyber?

What is cyber security?

Cyber security is the practice of protecting computers and servers, electronic systems, networks, mobile devices and data from malicious attacks.

What is Cyber Security Science?

Cyber security is a part of computer science which is a method of keeping systems, networks and software away from cyber attacks, in which any type of information and data available in systems and networks is practiced to keep secure and confidential. The cyber science major focuses on computer programming, embedded systems, networks, telecommunications, computer systems, computer investigation and cyber operations.

Why cyber security important to us?

Cyber security is important because it is the practice and technique of protecting our sensitive data, personally identifiable information, protected health information, personal information, intellectual property, and data from theft and protecting data from cybercriminals.

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