average height of indians decrease: indians average height declined over 10 years nutrition socio-economic factor responsible shows study : Height decreasing year after year, why Indians are becoming ‘dwarfs’!
- Average height of Indians declined during 2005-06 to 2015-16
- During this period, the average height of people in most countries increased.
- The average height of tribals and poor people in India decreased the most
In most countries of the world, the average height of people has increased in the last few years, but in India the opposite is being seen. The stature of the people of the country is decreasing. The average height of adult women and men in the country has declined during the decade between 2005-06 and 2015-16. The special thing is that the average height of tribal women as well as women from poorer sections has declined more.
The reason why Indians are dwarfs is also hidden in the statistics. During the same period, the average height of women from the wealthy has increased. It is clear from looking at the data that average height is related to nutrition and other social and environmental factors. This has been revealed from a study in the open access science journal PLOS One. Plos One conducted a study comparing the average height of adult women and men based on the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted in 1998-99, 2005-06 and 2015-16.
Take, for example, the average height of women in the 15 to 25 age group from 2005-06 to 2015-16. The average height of ST women has decreased the most during this period. His average height has dropped by 0.42 cm. At the same time, there is almost a similar trend in the 26 to 50 age group.
A study by the Jawaharlal Nehru University’s Center of Social Medicine and Community Health shows that between 1998-99 and 2005-06, the average height of women of every caste, religion and state in every age group increased. The exception to this was Meghalaya where the average height had declined over that period.
In the decade before 2015-16, there was a marginal increase in the average height of women in the 26-50 age group. However, the height of ST and poorest women had decreased.
The study said, ‘Researchers analyzed data from NFHS-3 (2005-06). It was found that the average height of a 5-year-old girl from ST community was 2 cm shorter than a girl of the same age in the general category. Large difference in socio-economic status is responsible for the difference in height of ST and general caste children. It is clear that along with the increasing socio-economic gap, a kind of gap in the height of the people is also increasing.
If we talk about men, then the maximum height has decreased for tribal men. However, between 2005-06 and 2015-16, the average height of the general category and even those from the wealthy has declined.
Dr Vandana Prasad of Public Health Resource Network, an organization working on nutrition and public health, said that these figures not only show the disparity of food insecurity but also socio-economic development.
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