As nuclear deal hopes fade, Iran rebuilds and risks mount

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As nuclear deal hopes fade, Iran rebuilds and risks mount

Iran’s envoy to the State Department, Robert Malle, recently said that “it is up to Iran to choose” which path to take, adding that the United States and other allies need to be prepared for any options Tehran may have.

He said Mr Biden and Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken has “both said that if diplomacy fails, we have other tools – and we will use other tools to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons.”

But inside the White House, there has been a scramble in recent days to figure out whether some sort of interim agreement might be possible to halt Iran’s production of over-enriched uranium and convert that fuel into a metal. Can be done – an essential step in creating a warhead . In return, the United States may ease a limited number of sanctions, including humanitarian aid. This will not solve the problem. But barring Israeli threats to bomb Iranian facilities, it could buy time for talks.

Buying time, perhaps a lot of it, may prove necessary. Many of Mr Biden’s advisers doubt that imposing new sanctions on Iran’s leadership, its military or its oil trade – on top of the 1,500 imposed by Mr Trump – any more than previous attempts to pressure Iran to change course. will succeed.

More aggressive moves that succeeded years ago may not have the kind of consequences in mind. Inside the National Security Agency and the US Cyber ​​Command, there is a general consensus that it is now much harder to pull off the kind of cyberattacks that the United States and Israel did more than a decade ago, when a covert operation, code- The name “Olympic Games”, “crippled centrifuge at the Natanz nuclear enrichment site for more than a year.

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Current and former US and Israeli officials note that Iranians have since improved their defenses and created their own cyber forces, which the administration warned last week were increasingly active inside the United States. .

In order to preserve data from the agency’s sensors at key locations, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations watchdog, Raphael M. Despite a series of agreements with Grossi, Iranians continue to bar inspectors from key sites. The cameras and sensors of the inspectors destroyed in the plant explosion in late spring have not been replaced.

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